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University of Lisbon Centre for English Studies (ULICES)
Alameda da Universidade
Faculdade de Letras
1600-214 Lisboa

Opening hours:
Monday - Thursday: 9.15am - 1.15pm and 2pm - 5pm



(00351) 21 792 00 92







ESC #33 Intensive Course History and Medical Humanities | 1 credit (ECTS)



24 - 26 June
Venue: Faculdade de Letras da Universidade de Lisboa
Organização: ULICES 

Enrollment Form

Abstract: Due to its historical approach, this course aims at furthering the area of Narrative Medicine (NM) or Medical Humanities, predominantly with Anglophone roots and methodologies. It is part of the interdisciplinary project Narrative & Medicine, based at CEAUL /ULICES.

Trainers: Adelino Cardoso,* Manuel Sivério Marques,* Diego Gracia*
: Portuguese
: Day 1 (24-6-2015) – Module 1 - 9-13h + 14h30-17h30
Day 2 (25-6-2015) – Module 2 - 9-13h + 14h30-17h30
Day 3 (26-6-2015) – Module 3 - 9-13h + 14h30-17h30
Fee: 90 € (students / ULICES: 45 €)
Enrollment Deadline: June 17th


Objectives: To further the area of Narrative Medicine (NM) or Medical Humanities, predominantly with Anglophone roots and methodologies. This disciplinary area was introduced in Portugal by the interdisciplinary project Narrative & Medicine, based at ULICES, and the consistent development of practices and methodologies, inspired especially by the British and American partners of the project, has opened up new venues of research and the renewed awareness of the potentialities of hermeneutic tools derived from literature. This course will contribute to further strengthen and deepen the field of NM among us, for its historical approach.


Module 1 - Adelino Cardoso – 24/6/2015

Title: The art of medicine and the therapeutic relationship in proto-modernity

Abstract: This module has the following goals: to clarify the general matrix of Hippocratic medicine; to highlight the specificity of the therapeutic relationship, bearing in mind three notable physicians at the turn of the 16th to the 17th centuries: Francisco Sanches, Filipe Montalto and Rodrigo de Castro; to question the place of narratives in the work of the authors mentioned above.

Topics: Representations of the body, of health and illness in Hippocratic medicine.
The triangle nature-physician-illness.
The renewal of medicine in the 16th and 17th centuries, with a special emphasis on Vesalius’s anatomy and Harvey’s physiology.
Medical theory and therapeutic relationship in Francisco Sanches, Filipe Montalto and Rodrigo de Castro.


Module 2 – Manuel Silvério Marques – 25/6/2015

Title: Representations of illness in the pre-modern and modern periods

Abstract: The goals of this module are: to analyse the clinical descriptions typical of certain diseases – with a special focus on mental illnesses – in texts by Portuguese physicians of the pre-modern and modern periods, to distinguish the objective and the subjective perspectives, the clinical and the scientific, in their contexts, emphasizing continuities and discontinuities; to understand what is knowledge or casuistic or aphoristic intelligibility, as well as analytical or reductionist thought and narrative and discursive thinking.

Topics: The history of illness representation and nosography or the theory of illness.
Description, based on 19th century historiography, of the transition to experimental and /or scientific medicine (comparison between the Edinburgh School - José Pinto de Azeredo and Erasmus Darwin, and the Paris Clinical School (anatomo-clinical medicine) - Bichat and Pinel.
Aspects of the historiography of acedia, melancholy and/or depression as a means of showing the multiplicity and complementarity of perspectives and ways of understanding in clinical medicine.


Module 3 - Diego Gracia – 26/6/2015

Title: How to read Hippocratic texts: Analysis of the Oath, and other ethical writings of the Hippocratic corpus.

Abstract: The goal of this module is to learn how to read Ancient texts, especially when they are scientific and medical. As an example, we will analyze some relevant Hippocratic writings, first describing its internal logic, which was systematized by Aristotle in his treatises of Logic, and later doing practical exercises, trying to read them as they were read by the old Hippocratic physicians.

Topics: The Hippocratic texts under analysis will be: Oath, Aphorisms, Precepts, and Decorum. It will be also necessary to analyze some chapters of the books of Topics of the Aristotelian Organon.


*Adelino Cardoso - Received a PhD in Philosophy at the University of Lisbon and is currently an Assistant Researcher of the Centre for the History of Culture in the Human Sciences Faculty of the New University of Lisbon. He was the Scientific Coordinator of the FCT Project “Philosophy, Medicine and Society”. Among other books, he is the author of Vida e Percepção de Si (2008). He coordinates a project recently approved by the FCT as ‘excellent’ entitled: “The view of nature in the medico-philosophical thought at the transition from the 17th to the 18th Century” (2010).

*Manuel Silvério Marques - Retired Hematologist at IPO - Instituto Português de Oncologia. Researcher of the Center of Philosophy of the University of Lisbon. He was Adjunct Professor of History of Ideas in Medicine and of the History of Medicine at FMUL. He is Principal Investigator of the research project on the medical work by José Pinto de Azeredo. Among numerous other works, he is the author of O Espelho Declinado. Natureza e Legitimação do Acto Médico (1999).

*Diego Gracia - Full Professor of History of Medicine at the Complutense University of Madrid, where he coordinates a master’s degree in Bioethics. He received a diploma in Clinical Psychology from the Pontifical University of Salamanca, and is also a specialist in Psychiatry. He is the Director of the Xavier Zubiri Foudation. He is Chairman of the Board of Trustees and Director of the Bioethics Institute of the Fundación de Ciencias de la Salud [Health Sciences Foundation]. His most important publications include: Etica y vida: Estudios de bioética (4 Vols., 1998); Medice, cura te ipsum: Sobre la salud física y mental de los profesionales sanitarios (2004), and Como arqueros al blanco: Estudios de bioética (2004).


University of Lisbon Centre for English Studies (ULICES)